Fahmida Mirza Biography
National Assembly during Monday's sitting. — DawnNewsTV
Fahmida belongs to a political and influential background and has a successful political career; she has the honor to serve as the eighteenth and only female speaker of the Pakistan National Assembly. Her selection as a speaker is a positive sign that women would receive equal rights and high positions. She has a resemblance to Benazir Bhutto and is firm in her opinions and decisions. She believes in unity to address the issues and challenges that Pakistan is facing and is so concerned for the people of her area that despite being an old member of PPP, she left this party when she realized that PPP is ignoring the people of Badain. Fahmida preferred to join such a party that would care for the rights and necessities of Badain inhabitants. So, she joined the GDA (Grand Democratic Alliance). Besides a successful political career, she also had a successful business career.
FAHMIDA DATE OF BIRTH
She opened his eyes in Sindh on 20th December 1956.
EDUCATION OF FAHMIDA
She completed her primary education at Hyderabad’s St Mary’s Convent (SMC) in 1972. She did MBBS in 1982 from ‘Liaquat Medical College’ situated in Jamshoro. Professionally she is a businesswoman and agriculturist. She held the post of CEO of a Mirza Sugar Mills and an advertising company located in Karachi.
FAHMIDA MIRZA FAMILY
Mirza’s paternal grandfather, Abdul Qayyum, served as Hyderabad Sindh Municipality’s 1st Muslim president. Her father Qazi Abid served at different ministerial posts in the federal and provincial cabinets from 1982-1990, including Federal Minister for Information & Broadcasting, Water & Power, Food & Agriculture, Education, and Provincial Minister Communication.
Her Uncle, Qazi Mohammad Akbar, served as a Provincial Minister for a long time, including serving as Provincial Home Minister. Fahmida’s uncle Muhammad Akbar also served as Provincial Minister of Sindh. Her husband, Zulfiqar Mirza, is also a political figure associated with GDA (Grand Democratic Alliance). The couple has two daughters and two sons.
GENERAL ELECTIONS 1997
She joined PPP in 1997 and got elected to Pakistan NA as a PPP candidate from NA-173 Constituency in general elections 1997.
GENERAL ELECTION 2002
She again won the NA seat as a PPP candidate from NA-225 Constituency in general election 2002. She defeated PML-Q candidate Muhammad Halipota by securing seventy-one thousand five-hundred and thirty-seven votes.
GENERAL ELECTION 2008
In the general election 2008, she again re-elected to NA as PPP candidate from NA-225 Constituency. She defeated PML-Q candidate Bibi Yasmin Shah by gaining eighty-eight thousand, nine-hundred and eighty-three votes. Fahmida designated as the eighteenth and 1st female speaker of the Pakistan National Assembly. She defeated Muhammad Israr by securing two-hundred and forty-nine votes while her opponent received seventy votes only.
GENERAL ELECTION 2013
In the 2013 general election, she again won the NA seat from ‘Badin Cum Tando Mohammad Khan-2’ Constituency. She defeated PML-F candidate Bibi Yasmin Shah by securing one-lac ten thousand seven hundred and thirty-eight votes.
DEPARTED WAYS FROM PPP
She parted her ways from PPP in 2018, stating that this political party has deteriorated Sindh’s condition and neglected the Badin people. Fahmida declared that she would prefer to join another party to provide essential and necessary facilities for the Badin people. She joined GDA (Grand Domestic Alliance) in June 2018.
DECLARED AS DEFAULTERS
In 2018, Pakistan State Bank declared Fehmida and her husband loan defaulters. It is reported that this couple took advantage of their political links and obtained loans of millions from several banks that were eventually written-off.
GENERAL ELECTION 2018
In the 2018 general election, she again elected to NA as a GDA candidate from NA-230 Constituency.
MINISTRY OF IPC
On 18th August, PM Imran Khan announced his federal cabinet structure, and she got designated as IPC (Inter Provincial Coordination) minister. On 20th August 2018, she took oath as IPC Minister Imran Khan’s federal cabinet.
Dr. Fahmida Mirza was 18th Speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan. She was the first woman to hold the office to date, and is widely regarded as the highest ranking female politician in the history of Pakistan. A senior and influential member of Central Executive Committee of Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), Fahmida Mirza hails from an influential Sindhi-speaking Muslim political family in Sindh, the Mughal Qazis of Sindh. Her grandfather, Qazi Abdul Qayyum, was the first Muslim president of Hyderabad (Latifabad) Sindh Municipality. Her father, Qazi Abdul Majeed Abid (Qazi Abid) held different ministries in the provincial (Sindh) and federal cabinets from 1982 to 1990 including Provincial Minister for Communication, Federal Minister for Information and Broadcasting, Federal Minister for Food and Agriculture, Federal Minister for Education, and Federal Minister for Water and Power. Her Uncle, Qazi Mohammad Akbar, was also a long serving Provincial Minister in Sindh, including serving as Provincial Home Minister. Fahmida Mirza is the aunt of Pir Mazhar-ul-Haq, a three times Provincial Sindh Minister and current member and leader of the Pakistan People’s Party in the Sindh Provincial Assembly, who is related to the influential Sindhi political family through his mother. Pir Mazhar is currently the Senior Minister in the Sindh Cabinet with the portfolio of Education. Fahmida Mirza graduated from Liaquat Medical College, Jamshoro, Sindh, in 1982 and did her house job in gynaecology and paediatrics. Before entering in national politics, Fehmida Mirza had been one of the successful Business Woman and leading chief executive of her advertising company Informachine, later renamed Information Communication Limited (ICL) based in Karachi, which focused on agriculture development in the country. Joining the Peoples Party in 1997, her political philosophy reflected democratic socialism and since then, she's been a potent force behind the left-wing politics in Pakistan. In 1997 she contested elections successfully from her husband's former constituency of Badin, Sindh, and has continued to be a parliamentarian since then. She is one of the few women elected from a non-reserved constituency. Dr. Mirza is married to Dr. Zulfiqar Mirza, a close friend of Asif Ali Zardari, the co-chairman of the Pakistan People’s Party. Both her husband and her brother, journalist, Qazi Asad Abid, are former Members of the National Assembly. Zulfikar Mirza is also currently a member of the Sindh Provincial Assembly and was former Provincial Home Minister.
Fehmida Mirza, first woman speaker of Pakistan's National Assembly, and Ms. Shinkai Karokhail, a women's rights activist and member of the Afghan Parliament, received the leadership award for their inspiring records, according to a press release issued on Friday by the EastWest Institute (EWI). Japan's Foreign Minister Koichiro Gemba accepted the Institute's International Peace Building Award on behalf of the Japanese people, who have provided critical economic and development assistance to Afghanistan. The EasWest Institute's Board Chairman Ross Perot, presented the awards to the parliamentarians, the first to Fehmida Mirza. “We are proud that she has been personally instrumental to the success of our Parliamentarians Network and its Women, Peace and Security initiative. She is an inspiration to us all,” Perot said. Shezreh Mirza, the award winner's daughter, and Dr. Donya Aziz, a prominent member of the National Assembly of Pakistan, accepted the award on behalf of Fehmida Mirza. Speaking of her mother's firm belief in women's empowerment, Shezreh Mirza quoted her as saying: “Women don't make war. They make peace. Women don't take life. They give life.” Mirza and Ms. Karokhail are the first recipients of the leadership award named for Sheikha Fatima bint Mubarak. The wife of the late Sheikh Zayed of the United Arab Emirates, founded the first UAE women's organisation in 1973: the Abu Dhabi Society for the Awakening of Women, the press release said. These honorees are deeply involved in EWI's Women, Peace and Security trust-building work in Pakistan and Afghanistan, it said. EWI President John Mroz noted that the institute recognises the role that women play on a global scale, not succumbing to a “policy community that is comfortable in its old ways.” “There are few more important ways of instigating positive change in the world than the empowerment of women for heightened participation in political decision making including foreign and defense matters,” said Mroz. “Fehmida Mirza and Ms. Karokhail are groundbreaking, visionary leaders. Their leadership deserves to be recognized beyond their borders as a beacon of inspiration to others.” He added: “It is also a great honor to present the prestigious International Peace Building Award to the people of Japan.” EWI is non-partisan “think and do” tank focusing on international conflict resolution through a variety of means, including track 2 diplomacy and track 1.5 diplomacy (conducted with the direct involvement of official actors), hosting international conferences, and authoring publications on international security issues.
Government to organisetwo-day CPEC summit today
ISLAMABAD: In order to establish linkages between the private sectors of China and Pakistan after the completion of the first phase of $46 billion China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) by 2018, the government is organising a two-day CPEC Summit and Expo from today (Monday), which will be inaugurated by Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif. More than 140 delegates from China are participating in the summit.“This CPEC summit is aimed at establishing business-to-business (B2B) contacts between Chinese and Pakistanis CEOs of different companies in order to get them ready for the second implementation phase of CPEC beyond 2018 as the energy and road connectivity projects will be completed by that time. “So this is an opportunitytheir linkages for maximizing benefits out of CPEC initiative,” Federal Minister for Planning Ahsan Iqbal told The News when contacted him over phone here on Sunday. He said $18 billion worth of projects were in the implementation phase while the remaining portfolio of $17 billion was in the pipeline and at the stage of preparation. It has never happened in Pakistan’s history that a piece of paper (MoU) has turned into reality of $46 billion, he added. The CPEC initiative will help establish the right kind of linkages between the two sides provided Islamabad met all timelines by putting all out efforts and energies for creating synergies and harmonization among all different ministries, departments as well as with all provinces. The CPEC initiative, which experts termed as game changer in this part of the world, will be utilizing $35 billion on energy projects which will be undertaken in the mode of Independent Power Producers (IPPs) as they will generate electricity and the government will buy from them on the tariff determined by the Nepra. The remaining $11 billion will be spent on infrastructure mainly on construction of roads and development of Gwadar port. “China made commitment for such a huge investment at a time when no one was ready to invest even a penny in this part of the world citing security risks. But its success will also depend upon on us that how we manage these projects in order to extract maximum benefits out from it. If the right kind of linkages could not be established where industries flourished along side roads then it could be turned into danger when time of repatriation of profits for Chinese companies would come.” The Ministry of Planning, Development & Reforms has organized the summit on Monday (today) in which PM Nawaz Sharif will deliver inaugural speech. In this session, Ahsan Iqbal will deliver welcome address while Pakistan’s Ambassador to China Masood Khalid, Chinese Ambassador in Pakistan Sun Weidong and Special Assistant to PM on Foreign Affairs Tariq Fatemi will also address the inaugural session. Then formal session of summit titled sharing the fruits of regional development will kick-start which will be chaired by Adviser to the PM on Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz. In this session, expert Su Ge will throw light on regional development through ‘One Belt One Road’ initiated by China to establish road connection with different parts of the world in a bid to give boost to its economic power. Yan Zhiyong, Chairman, Power Construction Corporation of China, will deliver a lecture on the role of China in promoting One Belt One Road/CPEC initiative. The interplay between CPEC and OBOR: A Chinese Scholar’s prospective will also be presented in this session. Professor Du Y oukang, Director, Centre for South Asian Studies & Pakistan Study Center, Institute of International Studies, will also speak while Dr Safdar Sohail, Executive Director, Planning Commission’s CPEC Centre of Excellence, Islamabad and former ambassador Munir Akram will also speak on this occasion. Then Pakistan-China CEOs forum will also be held in which business tycoons of both sides will share their experiences and will also suggest ways and means to ensure business to business cooperation in months and years ahead. In the afternoon, three different panels will discuss opportunities for Pakistan’s business under CPEC, business opportunities in energy and connectivity under CPEC and business opportunities in trade and commerce under CPEC will hold different session with different experts in which they will dwell upon on the outcome of $46 billion initiative and how both sides required to place a mechanism under which they could establish long term business to business relations for creating win-win for both sides. The last session of the day will be held under title CPEC and sub regional socio economic development in Pakistan on Monday afternoon. On Tuesday, different industries will arrange an expo exhibition to show different Pak made products. Address from H.E. Madame Speaker Dr. Fehmida Mirza on the Exhibition of "Showcase of a New China" Excellency Luo Zhaohui, Ambassador of the People's Republic of China, Members of the diplomatic corps, Guests, ladies & Gentlemen: It's my profound pleasure to be present among you at the inauguration of this highly absorbing and interesting photo exhibition, titled "Showcase of a New China". Indeed an informative and educative venture, this exhibition is surely a befitting tribute to the 57 years of the common trust, time-tested friendship and strategic partnership of our two countries. In the words of Chairman Mao, it's a friendship deeper than the oceans and taller than the Himalayas. I am, therefore, grateful to His Excellency the Ambassador for inviting me here. Ladies & Gentlemen, While we witness the marvels of progress in China, as depicted in these photographs, our thought go back to those Chinese brothers and sisters who braved the fatal shocks of the massive earthquake that hit our friends on May 12, 2008. On behalf of the National Assembly of Pakistan and on my personal behalf, I offer my heart-felt condolences to the Government and people of China o this tragic loss of life and property. Pakistan can never forget the help and support it received from China when a similar tragedy hit us on October 8, 2005. So let me assure you Excellency, that in this hour, we stand by you. We are most eager to offer our help in whatsoever manner your Government desires. The Government of Pakistan has already dispatched two aero planes of relief goods while the Pakistani NGOs are also cobbling up resources in this regard. At the same time, we are also confident that the great Chinese nation will march out of this crisis with dignity and courage as has been the hallmark of the Chinese history. It is this proud tale of resilience that is best depicted in these photographs. In fact, "the Showcase of New China" tell us that this has been a journey from strength to strength; a motivating account of a nation's resolve to progress and prosper. It is thus, a path to be followed by other developing nations of the world. I remember, as a child I was always mesmerized by the skill and proficiency of the Chinese acrobats. I grew up to be impressed by the expertise and professionalism of the Chinese engineers and technicians, who made the eighth wonder of the world possible in shape of the Karakorum Highway. As a student of world politics, I have always found wisdom in the thoughts and philosophy of the Chinese leadership and as a woman, nothing has inspired me more than the touch of the finest Chinese silk. Excellency, you can, therefore, well imagine, how much influence your great nation has on us, the Pakistanis. Nevertheless. for the students of international diplomacy, the friendship between the two nations has much more to offer. In fact, this relationship represents a model for co-existence of two countries with different ideologies, political systems and cultural backgrounds. As Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto once very rightly put it, the relations between China and Pakistan have withstood the rigors of political weather because these are rooted in principles, in geography and in a common political understanding. Both countries have stood together as neighbors and friends in every crisis and at every change in the international and regional situations. Both are averse to foreign aggression and both have respect for each other's sovereignty. The last 57 years of our relations have, therefore, been a step by step development of confidence, mutual benefit, regional stability and inter-dependence for our common good. What is more, today, this strategic partnership is seen as a major factor of stability in the region. I would like to reiterate here our deep concern on the politicization of Beijing Olympics. We are confident that these Games will be the most successful games ever held. In the end, I once again thank the Ambassador for inviting me here and pray that the close cooperation and deep friendship between our two countries would further strengthen in the years to come. May your great Republic march towards progress and may it continue to play its destined role in the preservation and promotion of international peace. I thank you all! Pakistan Zindabad! Pak China Friendship Zindabad!
EWI Honors Afghan and Pakistani Women Parliamentarians and the People of Japan
EWI Board Chairman Ross Perot, Jr. presented the awards to the parliamentarians, the first to Dr. Mirza. “We are proud that she has been personally instrumental to the success of our Parliamentarians Network and its Women, Peace and Security initiative. She is an inspiration to us all,” Perot said. Shezreh Mirza, the award winner’s daughter, and Ms. Donya Aziz, a prominent member of the National Assembly of Pakistan, accepted the award on behalf of Dr. Mirza. Speaking of her mother's firm belief in women's empowerment, Shezreh Mirza quoted her as saying: "Women don't make war. They make peace. Women don't take life. They give life." In accepting her award, Shinkai Karokhail spoke passionately about the challenges women face in her country: “Half of the population still lives under violence. Half of the population still has no rights to make decisions for itself. Half of the population in my country is still living as second class citizens. What my government should learn is that this half of the population is half the talent, half the energy and half the commitment to peace, and should be taken into account.” Sarah Perot Presents Ms. Shinkai Karokhail with the H.H. Sheikha Fatima bint Mubarak Values-based Leadership Award. Dr. Mirza and Ms. Karokhail are the first recipients of the Leadership award named for a strong advocate of women’s rights, H.H. Sheikha Fatima bint Mubarak. The wife of the late Sheikh Zayed of the United Arab Emirates, she founded the first UAE women’s organization in 1973: the Abu Dhabi Society for the Awakening of Women. These honorees are deeply involved in EWI’s Women, Peace and Security trust-building work in Pakistan and Afghanistan. This awards dinner coincided with EWI’s release of Women, Peace and Security, a report on the first visit of Pakistani women parliamentarians to Afghanistan. Afghanistan’s Foreign Minister Zalmai Rassoul presented the International Peace Building award to Japan’s Foreign Minister Koichiro Gemba, who accepted on behalf of the people of Japan. “We have a unique and special historic relationship between our two nations,” said Rassoul. He added that his nation is deeply appreciative of Japan’s generous backing for his country’s efforts to rebuild after years of struggle. Gemba congratulated the women parliamentarians on their commitment and dedication to their countries, and spoke of Japan’s continued support of Afghanistan’s economic development. “We are looking forward to fair elections in 2014 and to supporting sustainable development and reconstruction. It is a long road to prosperity, but you will get there,” he said. The International Peace Building award recognizes individuals and groups that have made great strides in building peace across borders and cultures. Nobel Peace laureate Mohamed ElBaradei and Sergio Vieira de Mello, the late United Nations high commissioner for human rights, are among the previous recipients of the award. EWI President John Mroz noted that the institute recognizes the role that women play on a global scale, not succumbing to a “policy community that is comfortable in its old ways.” “There are few more important ways of instigating positive change in the world than the empowerment of women for heightened participation in political decision making including foreign and defense matters,” said Mroz. “Dr. Mirza and Ms. Karokhail are groundbreaking, visionary leaders. Their leadership deserves to be recognized beyond their borders as a beacon of inspiration to others.” He added: “ It is also a great honor to present the prestigious International Peace Building Award to the people of Japan.”
A longtime politician, Fahmida Mirza first ran for public office in 1997. She has served three terms in parliament, winning the National Assembly seat in 1997, 2002 and 2008. Mirza represents Sindh, the home province of Pakistan’s first female prime minister, Benazir Bhutto, who was assassinated in 2007. She is married to Zulfiqar Ali Mirza, a close friend of Asif Ali Zardari, the widower of Bhutto and Bhutto’s successor as head of the PPP.
Mirza was born on December 20, 1956, in the Badin district of Sindh. She is a member of the politically active Qazi family, known for its involvement in the Pakistani independence movement. Her grandfather, Qazi Abdul Qayyum, was the first Muslim leader of Hyderabad Municipality. A graduate of Nazareth College in Hyderabad and Liaquat Medical College in Jamshoro, Mirza practiced as a medical doctor from 1982 to 1989.
What She Did
Mirza defeated opponent Israr Tareen with 249 votes in the 342-seat lower house of Pakistan’s parliament. She ran as a joint candidate of the PPP; the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), led by former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif; the Awami National Party (ANP) and other parties. Tareen, who is a supporter of Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf, ran with the Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid (PML-Q). Mirza is one of few women to win a general position, rather than one reserved for female politicians; 20 percent of the seats in the National Assembly are allocated for women. “This is my third tenure in the national assembly and I believe it is time that we all work together to address the challenges facing the country,” Mirza said before the election, according to Al Jazeera. The newspaper called her election “largely a formality” after her nomination by the PPP, as it has the most seats in the assembly. “I am sure we will be able to face these challenges with the support of parliamentarians, our people and Pakistani media,” Mirza said. The Times of London, which described Mirza as bearing “a striking resemblance to Benazir Bhutto,” reported that she said, “I am honoured and humbled … This chair carries a big responsibility. I am feeling that responsibility today and will, God willing, come up to expectations.” As speaker, Mirza oversees the parliament’s proceedings and determines which debates or motions will be allowed on the floor. “The election of Fahmida Mirza as speaker will be a big step towards the empowerment of women in Pakistan,” said PPP leader Shah Mahmood Qureshi, according to the Hindustan Times.
Fahmida Mirza lauds performance of previous NA
ISLAMABAD: Speaker National Assembly Dr Fahmida Mirza said that the role of speaker to facilitate the parliamentarians is very significant. Talking to a private news channel, she said the previous parliament passed 138 bills despite impediments and challenges which was a big achievement. She said joint sittings of previous parliament were conducted besides in camera sessions, five sessions where in president addressed the sessions and foreign dignitaries were also invited to address the previous parliament. These session and legislation by the previous parliament was definitely a big achievement, she added. She also said that solution of some complex issued was not possible overnight such issues included legislation regarding blasphemy, anti-terrorism, forced marriages of minorities' girls and accountability bill. We developed consensus policy on the issue of terrorism and National Security; however, consensus could not be reached on the conversion of NAB in to Accountability Commission, she said.